Chapter-3 Regional and District Administration
4A. Regional Administration:
(1) There shall be a Regional Administration Office as follows in each development region:
(a) Regional Administration Office, Eastern Development Region, Dhankuta.
(b) Regional Administration Office, Central Development Region, Hetauda.
(c) Regional Administration Office, Western Development Region, Pokhara.
(d) Regional Administration Office, Mid-western Development Region, Surkhet.
(e) Regional Administration Office, Far-western Development Region, Dipayal.
10 (2) Government of Nepal shall appoint the Regional Administrator as a Chief of Regional Administration Office from amongst the gazetted
special class officer of the Civil service.
11 4B. Functions, Duties and Powers of Regional Administrator:
(1) The Regional Administrator shall be responsible to carry out the general administration in the region in accordance with the policies and directives
of the Government of Nepal.
(2) Functions, Duties and Powers of the Regional Administrator shall be as follows:
(a) To maintain or cause to maintain peace and order in the region,
(b) To monitor and co-ordinate the functions of 12 District Administration Offices of the region,
(c) To carry out or cause to carry out necessary actions regarding the functions of Regional
13 and District Offices of the region to make them ………. service oriented and economical as well as to restrain from delay, negligence and corruption,
(d) To or cause to protect, monitor and maintain the government or public property within the region except otherwise provided in the prevailing laws.
(e) To provide actual information relating to peace and security situation of the region to the Government of Nepal regularly,
(f) To cause to carry out periodic inspection of the border with foreign countries adjoining to the district by the concerned 14 Chief District Officer and submit a report thereof to the Government of Nepal and make necessary arrangements to control the criminal activities in the border areas by increasing
effectiveness of the local administration,
(g) To make necessary arrangements to settle difference and dispute, if any, on the matter of public interest such as boundaries, roads, canals, paini, drinking water
etc arises between Two or more than Two 15 Districts of the region in the presence of the concerned parties,
(h) To carry out or cause to carry out necessary arrangements to control and manage the critical situations such as natural calamities, epidemics,
(i) To regularly inspect the prisons of the region and make necessary arrangements for their proper functioning and recommend for pardoning of the prisoners,
(j) To perform necessary functions to promote nationalism in the region and maintain unity between Nepalese people through conciliation and mutual
(k) To perform or cause to perform other functions as per the orders and directions of Government of Nepal issued from time to time and to monitor the same.
4C. Regional Security Committee: 17 (1) There shall be a Regional Security Committee, as follows, to provide assistance in peace, security and order in
(a) Regional Administrator – Chairperson
(b) Local Chief of Nepalese Army – Member
(c) Chief of Regional Police Office – Member
(d) Chief of Armed Police Office- – Member
18 (e) Chief of the office of the National Investigation Department who looks after concerned region – Member-secretary
(2) The Regional Administrator may invite officers of the other offices of the region in the meetings of the Regional Security Committee as
(3) The Chairperson may convey meetings of the committee pursuant to Sub-section (1) as required.
19 4D. To Function under the supervision of Regional Administrator: The Regional Police Office shall discharge its functions to maintain peace,
security and order in the Region under the direct supervision and direction of the Regional Administrator.
5. District Administration:
20 (1) There shall be a District Administration Office in each district to operate general administration of the district. The Government of Nepal shall appoint a Chief District Officer in each district to function as a Chief Administration Officer. The Chief District Officer shall be the representative of Government of Nepal. The Chief District Officer shall perform functions in accordance with prevailing laws, policies and directions of the Government of Nepal and under the supervision of
21 Regional Administrator.
(2) Except the court and Defence Offices………., 22 the offices at district level, as prescribed by Government of Nepal by publishing a Notification in Nepal Gazette from time to time, shall be the branches of District Administration Office.
(3) The Chief District Officer shall have no control over the prescribed powers to be exercised by district level office or officer of such office, which are conferred to in the branches of District Administration Office pursuant to Sub-section (2) on judicial and quasi-judicial powers as prescribed by prevailing laws.
(4) The 23 powers and duties of the Chief District Officer or other Officer to monitor, control and supervise of the Offices at the District level
which are to be the branches of the District Administration Office pursuant to Sub-section (2) shall be regulated by the Rules framed under this Act.
(5) Functions, duties and powers of the Chief District Office shall be as follows:
(a) To maintain peace, order and security in the district, 24 (b) To provide for assistance in development activities run by Government of Nepal, District Development Committee, Municipality and Village Development Committee in the district,
(c) To monitor, maintain or repair or cause to monitor, maintain or repair the properties of the Government of
Nepal in the district,
(d) ……………. 25
(e) To perform other functions and activities pursuant to the orders and directions issued by the Government of Nepal 26 from time to time.
(6) ……………. 27
6. To maintain peace and security: (1)……….. 28 The Chief District Officer shall perform following functions to prevent any activity if there is any
doubt of violence or riot:
(a) If it deems that an assembly, procession or mob (crowd) may take violent or destructive tendency and there is a possibility of disorder from such activities,
he/she shall cause to control it through the police and if it goes beyond the control of the police, he/she shall attend him/herself or depute subordinate officer in the
concerned place and persuade to maintain peace and if peace could not be maintained, he/she may cause to use baton (Lathi charge), teargas, Phohora, blank fire
as per necessity based on the situation, to maintain peace and order,
(b) If it is not possible to maintain peace pursuant to Clause (a) and it deems necessary to open fire to issue warning to the crowd with all clarity before opening
the fire; if the mob is not dispersed after such warning and if it becomes necessary to open fire to give order in writing to open fire below the knee,
(c) …………. 29
(d) To provide written order to the police to maintain peace and security in the district…….. 30 if it is possible and if not so possible to provide verbal order as per
necessity and if the order is verbal it shall be confirmed in writing within Twenty Four hours,
31 (e) For maintaining peace and security in the district, the District Police Office shall perform its functions on the
direct supervision and direction of the Chief District Officer.
32 (1a) The Chief District Officer shall provide information regarding the functions and activities pursuant to Sub-section (1) to the Regional
Administrator and Ministry of Home Affairs 33 as soon as possible and the Chief District Officer shall have a duty to abide by directions of the
Regional Administrator in this regard. 34
35 (2) If the Chief District Officer reveals that any serious disorder has been occurred or to be occurred, and he/she thinks that it is not possible
to control it only with the assistance of the police in such place under his/her jurisdiction, he/she may request to local or nearest Armed Police
Force or Nepal Army as per the situation demands upon mentioning reasons and grounds for the same. The notice of such request to the Armed
Police Force and Nepal Army shall be given to the Regional Administration 36 and Ministry of Home Affairs within Twenty Four hours
by the quickest means.
37 (2a) If the Regional Administration reveals that any serious disorder has been occurred or to be occurred in the Two or more districts
adjoining the boundaries, and he/she thinks that it is not possible to control it with the assistance of the police in such place under his/her jurisdiction,
he/she may request to local or nearest Armed Police Force or Nepal Army as per the situation demands. The notice of such request to the Armed
Police Force or Nepal Army shall be given to the Concerned Chief District Officer and Ministry of Home Affairs within Twenty Four hours by the
(3) If there is a possibility that peace and security may be breached or inconvenience to someone may arise or cause adverse effect to the public
health due to any act of someone or let it remain or keeping some goods or materials by someone in any specific place………. 38 the Chief District Officer
may issue an order as follows and such an order shall not be for more than Two months at one time:-
(a) To prohibit someone to carry out any act,
(b) To order to remove any object or property from that place to the owner, manager or chief or to prohibit to carry out any act in such place.
39 (3a) If there happens any hooliganism or there are sufficient grounds of happening of hooliganism or disorder in any place, the Chief
District Officer may issue an order to prevent to be gathered more than Five persons for the purpose of hooliganism or disorder at the specific place and
time. The Chief District Officer may impose a fine upto Five Hundred Rupees or an imprisonment upto One month or the both to a person who
violates such an order.
(4) In the course of issuing an order to a person pursuant to Sub- section (3)………. 40 , Chief District Officer shall send a notice alongwith the
reason thereof to the concerned person. If the concerned person is not found; such a notice shall be affixed pursuant to prevailing Nepal law in
such a way that the functions shall not be hampered. The officer issuing such an order may fine upto Fifty Rupees for each time who violates such
41 (5) If the Chief District Officer reveals that there arises any dispute or there is a possibility of arising dispute regarding land, canal, water,
boundaries which may cause to lead to disorder in the district, the Chief District Officer may summon to present in his/her office to the concerned
parties of the conflict as soon as possible and shall record their statements and may hold such property and may handover it as per necessity to a
person who has possessed it since last Three months or Village Development Committee or Municipality 42 or reliable person and issue an
order to aggrieved party to go to the court for final disposition of ownership on the disputed property.
43 (6) The aggrieved party may file an appeal against the order issued or penalty imposed by Chief District Officer pursuant to Sub-sections (3),
(3a), (4) and (5) before the concerned Court of Appeal within Thirty Five days.
44 (7) There shall be a District Security Committee in each district to assist the peace, security and order in the district as follows:
(a) Chief District Officer – Chairperson
(b) Local Chief of Nepal Army – Member
(c) Chief of District Police Office – Member
(d) Local Chief of Armed Police
Office – Member
45 (e) District
Chief of National
Investigation Department – Member
46 (f) Assistant, Chief District Officer – Member-secretary
(8) …………. 47
(9) The Chief District Officer may invite officials of other offices of the district in the meetings of the District Security Committee, as per
(10) The Chief District Officer may convene the meeting of the Committee pursuant to Sub-section (7) as per necessity.
48 6A. Curfew may be imposed: (1) If it is reveled that peace may be violated in any area due to mob (Aandolan) or hooliganism, the Chief District
Officer may impose curfew order to prevent movement, assemble or not to commit any other act as prescribed by prescribing the boundaries upon
considering the circumstances………… 49 While issuing such an curfew order, the Chief District Officer 50 shall publicise the order for the information of
the general public of the area where curfew is to be imposed and the vicinity.
(2) If a curfew order is issued pursuant to Sub-section (1), no other person except the authorized person who has obtained a secret sign from
the Chief District Officer 51 shall make movement in the restricted area during the restricted time.
(3) The person who violates curfew order shall be arrested by police and the police shall produce such person before the Chief District Officer 52
immediately. The Chief District Officer 53 shall impose a penalty of imprisonment upto One month or a fine upto One Thousand Rupees or both
to the person so arrested upon adopting an appropriate summary trail procedure and an appeal against such an order shall lie before the Court of
Appeal 54 .
(4) While issuing a curfew order the Chief District Officer 55 may issue an order to the police to open fire to the person or group who violates
the curfew order to control the situation. In such a situation, before firing, police shall use baton (lathi charge), teargas, phohara or blank fire and if
the person or group does not disperse police shall clearly warn that if they do not dispersed police shall open fire to them. If the person or group does
not disperse even after such warning the police may open fire. Provided that, it shall not deemed to bar by the provision as
mentioned in this Sub-section to the Chief District Officer 56 to issue a shoot at sight order to any person or group who violates curfew with violent
(5) The Chief District Officer………… 57 shall reduce the duration of curfew gradually depending on circumstances and the same authority shall
withdraw the curfew order after the situation becomes normal. 58 (6) The Chief District Officer shall inform immediately to the
Regional Administrator and Ministry of Home Affairs 59 after issuing of the curfew order.
60 6B. To declare a riot affected area: (1) If it is deemed that a procession, mob or organized group with or without arm is likely to carryout violent or
destructive acts such as looting, arson in houses or shops, destroying the public property and it is reveled that such a situation is not controlled by the
general police action, the Chief District Officer……….. 61 may declare such area as a riot affected area. The Chief District Officer 62 shall act any or all
of the following acts to maintain peace and order after the declaration of such riot affected area.
(a) To arrest suspicious person without arrest warrant from such area and put in preventive detention
pursuant to Public Security Act, 2046, 63 (b) To shoot fire at sight who loots or put fire in houses
(buildings) and shops or destroys public property or causes any other types of violent or destructive acts,
(c) To ban on assembly, procession, meetings or exhibitions or to ban on writing or fixing poster,
pamphlet and such types of communication materials, (d) To make provisions of supply of essential goods in
such area and to control the transportation, storage and sale and distribution of such goods,
(e) To close down educational institutions, any other
institutions, exhibition centres and offices of such area,
(f) To ban strike on any essential service pursuant to
Essential Service Operation Act, 2014 (1957) in such
(g) To ban gathering of Five or more than Five persons in
(h) To issue curfew order in such area,
(i) To take assistance of Nepal Army as required for the
said functions in such area.
(2) If, it seems suspicious that the arms and ammunitions have been
put in a riot affected area, the police personnel at least Sub-inspector of
police may search houses, shops, compound, go-down of any person
without a prior notice as per the order of the Chief District Officer 64 .
65 (3) While declaring a riot affected area pursuant to Sub-section (1),
the Chief District Office may declare it for One month at a time. If,
duration is to be extended, the Chief District Officer may extend such
period upto Three months as per the approval of Ministry of Home Affairs,
Government of Nepal.
(4) The Chief District Officer shall communicate the information of
declaration of riot affected area to the
66 Regional Administrator and
Ministry of Home Affairs immediately.
(5) If someone violates the provision of Clauses (e) and (g) of Sub-
section (1) or obstructs on the search pursuant to Sub-section (2), the Chief
District Officer 67 may impose a fine upto Three Thousand Rupees or an
imprisonment upto Three months or both by using appropriate summary
procedure and an appeal against such order shall lie in the Court of
69 6C. Not to obstruct (barricade) on public service or road or not to
destruct any house or vehicle: (1) No one shall commit or cause to
commit the followings acts:
(a) To obstruct by Chakkajam or any other kinds of
obstruction in the smooth operation of such public
roads as notified by the Government of Nepal by a
Notification published in Nepal Gazette,
(b) To damage government, public or private vehicle,
house or property by means of destruction, fire or
looting or to forcefully enter into such vehicle or house
and land or to forcefully take in to possession of such
vehicle or house or property,
(c) To obstruct government or public institution and
educational institution by means of lockups or any
other similar acts.
(2) If, someone commits any act pursuant to Sub-section (1), Chief
District Officer may impose a fine upto Ten Thousand Rupees or an
imprisonment upto Six months or the both and to realise an amount equal to
claimed amount and fine such person equal to the claimed amount as per
the nature of an offence.
(3) The Chief District Officer shall follow (adopt) the procedure
pursuant to Summary Procedure Act, 2028 to the proceeding of this
(4) The aggrieved person may file an appeal against the penalty
imposed by the Chief District Officer pursuant to Sub-section (2) before the
concerned Court of Appeal within Thirty Five days.
Powers and duties of the police personnel: (1) The Chief District
Officer shall inquire, as per necessity whether or not District Police Office,
Area Police Office and Police Posts are in proper condition or whether or
not police officers and employees performed their duties in accordance with
the law, and shall act as follows in this regard:
(a) Inspect compulsory District Police Office, Area Police
Office and Police Posts at least once a year and submit
a report of such inspection to the Regional
Administrator and Ministry of Home Affairs. 71
(b) Submit a report on the personal conduct and
performance (nekibadi) of police officers to the
Regional Administrator and Ministry of Home
Affairs, 72 twice a year, by the end of Poush (about mid
January) and Ashadh (about mid July) respectively.
(c) If it is necessary to make arrangements on policing in a
district, the Chief District Office shall communicate to
the Regional Administrator and Ministry of Home
Affairs, 73 along with his/her opinion.
(d) In a person files a complaint that a police employee
has acted in contravention of the law while discharging
his/her duties, the Chief District Officer shall
investigate the matter as required and submit a report
along with the recommendations and opinions to the
Regional Administrator and Ministry of Home 74
Affairs for necessary action.
8. Origional and appeallate Jurisduction: (1) Chief District Officer shall
have the powers to proceed and adjudicate the following cases:
75 (a) Minor cases of theft having claimed amount upto
maximum Five Hundred Rupees,
(b) Cases relating to pick-pocketing,
(c) ………….. 76
(d) Cases relating to the use of inaccurate weights and
measures for deception,
(e) Cases relating to the slaughter of female animals at
places other than temples where it is a customary
(2) A decision made by the Chief District Officer on cases pursuant
to Sub-section (1) in which one is not recorded as a recidivist criminal and
a fine upto Five Hundred Rupees is imposed, shall be final, and no one may
file an appeal against such decision. An appeal against the decision of the
Chief District Officer in cases a fine exceeding Five Hundred Rupees is
imposed or in which a guilty person has been recorded as a recidivist may
be filed before the Court of Appeal 77 within Thirty Five days.
(3) If the Chief District Officer deems necessary in the course of
hearing a complaint that the property of a woman or minor to be kept in
safe custody, he/she may direct to keep safe such property to any prominent
person in the district or to any government office with the cooperation of
the Municipality or Village Development Committee. 78
(4) ………… 79
(5) ………… 80
(6) ……… 81 The Chief District Officer shall proceed and adjudicate
cases filed pursuant to this Act or prevailing Nepal law within the time
limit stipulated by such law, specifying the laws under which these cases
are to be adjudicated.
9. Other functions duties and powers of the chief district officer: (1)
The Chief District Officer may order to arrest an intoxicated person who
speaks indecently or misbehaves in a public place, and may detain him/her
until he/she is relieved from the intoxication. The Chief District Officer
may issue a verbal warning to the detainee, and if he/she repeats the same
act, the Chief District Officer may impose a fine to him/her upto One
Thousand Rupees 82 for each offence.
(2) If any unclaimed goods or commodities are found, the Chief
District Officer shall act in accordance with the provisions of the Chapter
on Bona Vacantia (Kalyan Dhan) of the Muluki Ain (General Code).
(3) If a Government employee forces a person to work without
remuneration to an official or his/her domestic work, the Chief District
Officer may write to the concerned departmental head requesting for an
action against such employee under the prevailing law or otherwise be
subjected to departmental (disciplinary) action pursuant to the Civil Service
(4) If a report is submitted by Municipality or Village Development
Committee 83 that a tiger, leopard or any other wild animal is creating
trouble within the district, the Chief District Officer shall order to be killed
such animal and to have its fur or any other parts thereof to be handed over
to the concerned Forest Office, or as instructed by the Ministry of Forests
and Soils Conservation. 84
(5) If a person is found to have made undue profits through the sale
of any goods or commodities, the Chief District Officer may punish the
seller with a fine upto One Thousand Rupees or with imprisonment upto
Three months 85 or both taking into consideration the quantity and price of
the goods or commodities transacted. The aggrieved person may file an
appeal before to Court of Appeal 86 within Thirty Five days against the
decision made by the Chief District Officer.
(6) The Chief District Officer shall keep records of public water
taps, wells, ponds, well-sides, shelters (Pati, pauwa), guest houses (Sattal
Dharmasala), temples, caves, bridges etc. situated within the district; if
they are damaged or likely to collapse, he/she shall order to be repaired by
the owner or his/her agent, or by the Municipality or Village Development
Committee 87 or by the Guthi Trust Corporation.
88 (6A) No one shall construct houses (building) on governmental or
public land without establishing one’s ownership. In case a person
constructs or cause to construct a house on such land, the Chief District
Officer may issue an order to prohibit the construction a house. In case
house has already been constructed or is under construction at the time of
an order, he/she may order for the demolition and removal of materials
within One month. If a person does not demolish or remove materials with
in such time frame, the Chief District Officer may punish a fine upto Five
Thousand Rupees and demolish the house. The expenses incurred for the
demolition may also be reimbursed from such person.
(1) For the purpose of this Sub-section, the term “public
land” means lands being used from ancient times such
as paths, roads, pastures, water sources, crematories,
cemeteries, wells, ponds, pond embankments, sources
of drinking water, cattle paths, fairgrounds, public
entertainment sites, play grounds and similar publicly
used lands or adjoining plots, as well as land kept
uncultivated or sequestered by the order of
Government of Nepal.
(2) For the purpose of this Sub-section, the term “house”
means huts and temporary structures with or without
roofs of hay, straw or tin sheets.
(7) If the Chief District Officer considers that a person has become
insane and he/she may cause a danger to the concerned person or society if
he/she is not kept under control he/she shall take action pursuant to Section
8 of the Chapter on Medical Treatment of the Muluki Ain.
(8) If a person submits an application to the Chief District Officer
requesting for a certificate of relationship with another individual, the Chief
District Officer shall after an inquiry, issue necessary certificate by
obtaining of a fee of Five Rupees.
89 (9) The aggrieved person may file a complaint before the Court of
Appeal 90 against the order made by the Chief District Officer upon
exercising the powers conferred by Sub-sections (1) and (7).
91 (10) If a person slaughters, except on the occasions which requires
slaughter for traditional religious worship, animals or birds on the days of
Buddha-Jayanti, Krishna Janmastami, Mahashivaratri, Ramnawami and
festival of Ekadashi or at any religious place where the slaughter of animals
and birds has been specifically prohibited by Government of Nepal by a
Notification in the Nepal Gazette, the Chief District Officer may impose
penalty to such person a fine upto Five Thousand Rupees 92 and no appeal
against such order in respect of penalty shall be considered.
93 (11) No one shall let cattle roam free inside the Municipality
area, 94 and if a person let cattle on the road and the concerned
Municipality 95 does not capture and detain such cattle, the Chief District
Officer shall capture the cattle and sell them by auction, in accordance with
procedures considered appropriate by him/her, and the proceeds of the
auction shall be deposited to the District Development Committee 96 fund. If
no one offers a bid in the auction, the Chief District Officer may handover
such cattle to a person other than the owner without any payment.
Explanation: For the purpose of this Sub-section-
(1) The term ‘cattle’ means bullocks, buffaloes, male
buffaloes, horses, sheep and goats.
(2) The Term ‘free cattle’ means cattle let loose by the
owner on roads and streets unattended by any cowman
(Gothala) or other person.
97 (12) The owner of cattle who contravenes the provisions of Sub-
section (11) shall be punished with a fine upto Two Hundred Rupees by the
order of the Chief District Officer and an appeal against such order may be
filed before the Court of Appeal. 98
10. ………….. 99
100 10A.Records of public property:
(1) The Office of the Chief District
Officer shall prepare records of all public land, inns (pati), rest-houses
(pauwa, sattal), parks, ponds, wells, pastures, outlets etc. identified through
cadastral survey maps, Royal Seal, Khadga Nishana orders, copper and
stone inscriptions, or other similar authoritative inscriptions, and send a
copy of each to the Land Revenue Office and the District Development
Committee 101 Office.
(2) The public land, inns (pati), rest-houses (pauwa, sattal), parks,
ponds, wells, pastures, outlets etc. mentioned in Sub-section (1) shall not be
reclaimed (aawad) or allowed to be reclaimed without the prior approval of
Government of Nepal. If they are reclaimed or permission thereof is
granted, the guilty party shall be punished with a fine equal to the value of
the property or with an imprisonment upto Three months or the both.
(3) If a person has registered any public land, inns (pati), rest-houses
(pauwa, sattal), park, pond, well, pasture and or outlet etc., in his/her name,
such registration shall be revoked. There shall be no limitation for the
revocation of such registration.