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Chapter 2 Provisions on Solid Waste Generation, Collection, and Discharge

Chapter 2 Provisions on Solid Waste Generation, Collection, and Discharge
3. The Local Body’s Responsibility to Manage Solid Waste
1) The local body shall be responsible for the management of solid waste by construction and operation of infrastructure like transfer station, landfill site, processing plant, compost plant, biogas-plant
and also collection of waste, final disposal and processing.
2) The local body shall be responsible for the arrangement or its use in any other way of the solid waste collected in the course of cleaning, throwing or placing of solid waste at solid waste collection centre, transfer centre or processing site.
3) For the purpose of this Section, any material or substance thrown or placed at the Solid waste collection centre, transfer centre or processing site or deposited in the course of cleaning shall be  considered as solid waste.
4. Responsibility for the Management of Solid  Waste:
1) The local body shall be responsible to manage or cause to manage the solid waste under this Act.
2) Notwithstanding anything written in Sub-section (1) the responsibility for the processing and management within the set standard of harmful waste, health institution related waste,  chemical waste or industrial waste shall be of the individual or body producing such solid waste.
3) If any industry or health institution request the local body to manage the residue left after processing or utilize the solid waste management site may, charging pre-fixed service fee to manage the solid waste residue left after processing of harmful waste, health institution related waste, chemical waste and industrial
waste or to utilize the solid waste management site constructed by the local body.
5. Generation of Solid Waste to be Reduced:
1) Any individual, organization or body shall, as far as possible, reduce the production of solid waste while carrying out some transaction or activity.
2) It shall be the duty of every individual, organization or body to reduce the amount of remaining solid waste by making arrangement for disposal or reuse of solid waste which might
have been otherwise disposed off on such individual, organization or body’s own area
Explanation – “Own area” shall mean private house compound, premises of industrial waste, hospital or health institution, premises of industrial institution including premises of solid waste producing individual, organization or body.
6. Segregation of Solid Waste:
1) The local body shall prescribe to separate the solid waste into at least organic and inorganic including different kinds at its source.
2) The liability of transporting the solid waste up to the collection centre by separating at its source as prescribed under Sub-section (1) shall lie on individual organization or body responsible for the
production of such waste and the local body may for this purpose provide required technology, goods, equipments and container  etc.
7. Discharge of Solid Waste:
1) The time, place and manner for discharge of solid waste shall be as determined by the local body.
2) Any individual, organization or body producing harmful or chemical waste shall be responsible for the management of such waste as prescribed.
3) Harmful waste or chemical waste shall not be discharged at solid waste collection centre or transfer centre.
8. Solid Waste Collection Centre to be Prescribed:
1) The local body may make arrangement of necessary containers by prescribing collection centre at every ‘tole’ or settlement to make a systematic collection of solid waste.
2) While prescribing collection centre under Sub section (1) an appropriate location from an environmental perspective and accessible as far as practicable to all inhabitants of the locality or
settlement shall be prescribed.
3) The time, place and manner for discharge of solid waste under Sub-Section (1) at the collection centre shall be as determined by the Local Body.
9. Transportation of Solid Waste:
1) The liability for transportation of solid waste from the collection  centre up to the transfer centre or solid waste management site,  shall lie on the Local Body or any organization or body arranged by the Local Body.
2) Prescribed transportation vehicle shall be used for transportation of solid waste. While prescribing a transportation vehicle, weight,
age, ways or process, capacity of the vehicle, capacity of the road and the impact on the environment while transporting the solid waste, transportation vehicle shall also be taken into
3) Local Body shall make transportation of solid waste, which is segregated at its source and discharged and collected under Section 6 in separate vehicles.
10. Reduction, Reuse and Recycling Use of Solid Waste:
1) Local Body may, take necessary steps to encourage the reduction,  re-use and recycling use of solid waste, by issuing necessary directives for its effective implementation.
2) Local Body may coordinate with the concerned industry in the works to encourage the reduction of quantity of solid waste by making re-use of the material used for packing industrial products.


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