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Chapter-5 Offences and Punishment

Chapter-5 Offences and Punishment
20. Offences deemed to be committed: In case anyone commits any of the following acts, shall be deemed to have committed an offence under this Act:-
a) Purchasing, selling, possessing, using, rearing, planting, upbringing, captive breeding, transporting, importing or
exporting a threatened or vulnerable wild fauna or flora or a sample thereof or cause to do so in contravention of Section 3;
b) Purchasing, selling, possessing, using, rearing, planting, upbringing, captive breeding, transporting, importing or
exporting a protected wild fauna or flora or a specimen thereof or cause to do so in contravention of Section 8;
c) Failing to register an endangered species of a wild fauna or flora or a specimen thereof pursuant to Section 13 or 14;
d) Transferring title or changing ownership of an endangered species of a wild fauna or flora or a specimen thereof
pursuant to Section 15;
e) Committing any act in contravention of this Act or Rules framed hereunder, other than those referred to in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d).
21. Punishment: Whoever commits the following offences shall be liable to the punishment as follows:-
a) Whoever commits any offence pursuant to clause (a) of Section 20 with regard to a threatened wild fauna or
a specimen thereof shall be liable to a punishment with imprisonment from five years to fifteen years or
with a fine from five hundred thousand rupees to one million rupees or with both based on the degree of the
offence committed and whoever commits the offence with regard to a threatened wild flora or a specimen
thereof shall be liable to a punishment with imprisonment from one year to five years or a fine
from one hundred thousand rupees to five hundred thousand rupees or the both based on the degree of the
offence committed;
b) Whoever commits any offence pursuant to clause (a) of Section 20 with regard to a vulnerable wild fauna or
a specimen thereof shall be liable to a punishment with imprisonment from two years to ten years or with
a fine from one hundred thousand rupees to five hundred thousand rupees or with both; and whoever
commits the offence with regard to a vulnerable wild flora or a specimen thereof shall be liable to a
punishment with imprisonment from six months to one year or with a fine from fifty thousand rupees to
one hundred thousand rupees or the both based on with degree of the offence committed;
c) Whoever commits any offence pursuant to clause (c) of Section 20 with regard to a protected wild fauna or
a specimen thereof shall be liable to a punishment with imprisonment from one year to five years or with
a fine from twenty thousand rupees to one hundred thousand rupees or the both; and whoever commits an
offence with regard to a protected flora or a specimen thereof shall be liable to a punishment with
imprisonment from one month to six months or with a fine from one thousand rupees to fifty thousand rupees
or with both based on the degree of the offence committed;
d) Whoever commits an act in contravention to clauses (c) and (d) of Section 20 shall be liable to a
punishment with fine from fifty thousand rupees to one hundred thousand rupees based on the degree of
the offence committed;
e) Whoever commits an act in contravention to clause (e) of Section 20 shall be liable to a punishment with fine
from one thousand rupees to twenty five thousand rupees based on the degree of the offence committed;
f) Whoever assists, abets incites in any manner or attempts to commit of any offence under this Act shall
be liable with half of the punishment to which the principal offender is liable.
(2) The accomplice who abets or assists in any manned to commit of any offence under this Act shall be liable with half of the punishment to which the principal offender is liable.
(3) Whoever causes obstruction in the investigation of an offence under this Act shall be liable to a punishment with imprisonment not exceeding three months or with fine of five thousand rupees or with both.

22. To be confiscated: The endangered wild fauna or flora or a specimen thereof or other goods related to an offence under this Act or any material, weapon or transport vehicle used in the commission of such offence shall be confiscated.

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