(Related to sub-section (1) of Section 3)
Classification of Disabilities
(a) Persons with disabilities according to the problem and difficulty in any organ or system of the body:
- Physical disability: Problem that arises in operation of physical parts, use and movement in a person due to problems in nerves, muscles and composition and operation activities of bones and joints (for example, disability that arises due to polio, lack of a physical organ, effect of leprosy, muscular dystrophy, permanent problem associated with joints and backbone, reversal of clubfeet, problem associated with rickets bones), and a person whose height is excessively lower than the average height that a person having attained sixteen years of age has according to the age.
- Disability related to vision: the condition where there is no knowledge about an object’s figure, shape, form and colour in an individual due to the following problem with vision:
(a) Blindness: A person who cannot distinguish fingers of hand by both eyes from a ten feet distance or who cannot read the letters on the fourth row of the Snellen chart (3/60), even upon utilization of medicines, operation, lenses or lens.
(b) Low vision: A person who cannot distinguish fingers of hand by both eyes from a twenty feet distance or who cannot read the letters on the fourth row of the Snellen chart (6/18), even upon utilization of medicines, operation, lenses or lens.
(c) Total absence of sight: A person who cannot differentiate brightness or darkness.
- Disability related to hearing: Problems arising in an individual who cannot discriminate composition of the parts of hearing and voice, rise and fall of position, and level and quality of voice,
(a) Deaf: A person who cannot hear voice above eighty decibels or who needs sign language for communication.
(b) Hard of hearing: A person who needs a hearing device to hear or who can hear voice from sixty-five to eighty decibels.
- Deaf-Blind: A person who is without both hearing and vision or who has joint interaction of disabilities in two organs.
- Disability related to voice and speech: Difficulty produced in parts related to voice and speech and difficulty in rise and fall of voice to speak, unclear speech, repetition of words and letters.
- Mental or psycho-social disability: The inability to behave in accordance with age and situation and delay in intellectual learning due to problems in performing intellectual activities like problems arising in the brain and mental parts and awareness, orientation, alertness, memory, language, and calculation.
- Intellectual disability: A person who is in a condition that results in the problem in doing activity relative to the age or environment due to lack of intellectual development resulting from the lack of development of intellectual awareness along with the increase in age (for example, Dounce syndrome).
- Disability associated with haemophilia: A person who has such physical condition that there arises problem in the clotting of blood due to deflection in factors in blood because of genetic effect.
- Disability associated with autism: A person who has problem in the development of veins or tissues and functionality thereof (for example, a person wo has difficulty to communicate, to understand and apply general social rules, and who does not show normal behaviour along with the age, who shows abnormal reaction, repeats the same activity, does not assimilate with others or makes reaction instantly).
- Multiple disability: A person who has a problem of two or more than two types of disability mentioned above (for example, cerebral palsy).
(b) Classification of disabilities on the basis of severity of disability:
(1) Profound disability: A person who is in such a condition that he or she has difficulty with performing his or her day-to-day activities even with continuous support of others.
(2) Severe disability: A person who is in such a condition that he or she needs support of others continuously to perform personal activities and involve in social activities.
(3) Moderate (mid-level) disability: A person who is in such a condition that he or she can regularly participate in his or her daily activities and in social activities if physical facility is available, environmental barrier is ended or education or training provided.
(3) Mild disability: A person who is in such a condition that he or she can regularly participate in his or her daily activities and social activities if there exists no physical and environmental barrier.
- “Composition and functions of organs of the body” means organs and functions associated with the operation of the body, vision, speech and hearing, mental, muscular and nerve system and other systems.
- “Participation in the functions of daily life and social life” means a person’s learning, daily functions, communication, mobility, self-care, domestic life interaction, inclusive education, employment, community and functions and participation in community as well as civic life.
- “Barriers created from the existing social and physical environment” means barriers created from psycho-social, technologies, nature and man-made environment, attitude related, service systems and policies.
- For participation, facility and representation as well, in the case of a person with intellectual disability and with total disability, his or her father, mother or a person directly involved in his or her maintenance shall be considered the family member or concerned person.