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Chapter-1 Preliminary

  1. Short title and commencement: (1) This Act may be cited as the “Right to Employment Act, 2075 (2018).”

(2) It shall commence immediately.

  1. Definitions: Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, in this Act,-

(a)       “Prescribed” or “as prescribed” means prescribed or as prescribed in the Rules framed under this Act,

(b)        “Livelihood allowance” means the livelihood allowance referred to in Section 22.

(c)        “Minimum employment” means such a minimum period of employment that is at least one hundred days as to be provided in one fiscal year pursuant to this Act.

(d)       “Family” means husband, wife, son, daughter, adopted son, adopted daughter, father, mother or step-mother jointly living in an undivided family, and this term also includes grandfather and grandmother whom he or she has to maintain on his or her own.

(e)        “Unemployed person” means a citizen of the age group from eighteen years to fifty-nine years who is not involved in employment for at least one hundred days in one fiscal year or who is not involved in self-employment generating such minimum income as prescribed.

(f)        “Unemployment support” means the support program referred to in Section 20 to be provided to the unemployed person.

(g)        “Ministry” means the Ministry of the Government of Nepal that looks after the matters relating to labor, employment and social security.

(h)        “Self-employment” means an act of producing any good or service by mobilizing one’s labor, skills, knowledge, resources, means and capital, trade in such good and service or carrying on any industry or trade and business or any such entrepreneurship or income generation.

(i)         “Employer” means any such office and body of the Government of Nepal, Provincial Government, Local Level and subordinate office thereunder, and public corporation and body corporate, industry, institute and employment-oriented institution in operation pursuant to law as may be providing employment to the unemployed pursuant to this Act, and this term also includes a person providing opportunity for private employment.

(j)         “Employment Service Center” means the Employment Service Center established pursuant to Section 10, in order to collect data of the unemployed person, identify employment opportunities and disseminate information, provide information on the availability of laborers to the employer and provide other services relating to employment,

(k)        “Committee” means the Steering Committee as referred to in Section 17.

(l)         “Local Level” means a Rural Municipality or Municipality.