- Short title and commencement: (1) This Act may be cited as the “Social Security Act, 2075 (2018).”
(2) This Act shall commence immediately.
- Definitions: Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, in this Act, –
(a) “Incapacitated and helpless” means those persons who are indigent economically and incapacitated to make labor physically or mentally, and have no family members for maintaining and taking care of them.
(b) “Citizens with disabilities” means those persons referred to in Section 8, who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory disabilities or functional impairments or existing barriers that may hinder their full and effective participation in social life on an equal basis with others.
(c) “Helpless single women” means the women referred to in Section 7, who have no basis, income source or property for making the life, are incapacitated and helpless having income less than that specified by the Government of Nepal by publishing a notice in the Nepal Gazette.
(d) “Indigent” means those persons who earn income less than that specified by the Government of Nepal by publishing a notice in the Nepal Gazette.
(e) “Citizens unable to take care themselves” means the persons who are certified by the medical doctor that they are in a condition of being unable to take care themselves due to suffering from diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injury, brain hemorrhage, mental retardation, paralysis, sickle cell anemia, mental unsoundness and autism.
(f) “Prescribed” or “as prescribed” means prescribed or as prescribed in the rules framed under this Act.
(g) “Tribes on the verge of extinction” means the tribes referred to in the Schedule.
(h) “Persons entitled to social security” means the Nepali citizens who are entitled to social security allowance pursuant to this Act.
(i) “Social security” means cash, allowance or support to be provided to the citizens entitled to social security pursuant to this Act.
(i) “Local Level” means the Rural Municipality or Municipality.